Archeology

The oldest pieces of evidence of human origin in the Bohemian Paradise go back to the Palaeolithic era when rocky cavities and overhangs (such as Bělá by Rozumov, of middle Palaeolithic age 50 000 BC) we settled (showcase no. 1).

At the turn of sixth and fifth millenary B.C. (early Stone age – neolit), the first real inhibitors – agriculturists, came to our area, occupying the fertile plain along the JizeraRiver. Those folks also brought the knowledge of grinding and ceramics, which is documented by discoveries from lowland habitations of the first farmers at Nudvojovice, Pěnčín and Přepeře (showcase no.3). Some discoveries of painted pottery dating from the end of the early Stone Age have come to us from Čertova  Ruka  “the Devil´s Hand” at Hruboskalsko.

In the following period the late Stone Age, semi-precious stones, mostly used us a raw – material for production of clipped trimmings, started to be exploid. Folks with “the Pouring Cups” culture were using rocky cavities at Kozákov such as workshops for production of clipped tools (showcase no. 4). The semi-precious stones were used in jewellery much later.

At the turn of early and late Stone Age there appeared (perhaps with the onset of separate social classes) the first castle cities such as “the Devil´s Hand” by Mašov and Mužský by Mnichovo Hradiště.

We have hardly any archeological discoveries documenting settlement in the Bohemian Paradise. In the early and late part of the Bronze Age the Turnovian area was settled by the Folks of Asheurnes Fields, for whom glow burials were typical (for example, Sovenice, Svijanský Újezd, Svijany). During the period when our land was facing invasions of Celts, the Folks of Asheurns in the Turnovian area were able to maintain their own distinct culture. The so – called “Turnovian Type” was named by the glow burial ground in MaškovkaGarden in Turnov (showcase no. 5).

But this part of Pojizeří was also afflicted by Celtic expansion, at the end. The beginning of our country is still unclear to us. A few discoveries from Hrubá Skála surrounding are known from that are (for example, the Devil´s Hand). New ethnic inhabitants – the Slavs (which show a similarity to the first farmers of the early Stone Age) settled in the fertile ground around the JizeraRiver (Nudvojovice, Přepeře, Svijany) in the 6th century. In the following centuries some fortified localities were built as outcome of deeper social differences. These fortified localities were predecessors of castles build in following centuries, which are part of our area even today.

Muzeum Českého ráje v Turnově
Skálova 71, 511 01 Turnov